The Coronavirus also known as COVID-19, is no child’s play as we can already see although people from this part of this world are yet to feel the heat of the pandemic. Whether we believe it or not, the novel coronavirus pandemic is already in Nigeria and the transmission rate is just alarming. Is the end of the world or what we know as the Apocalypse here already? Time will tell.
While other countries like China, Italy, the United States and the UK are on a lock down, it seems like it is still business as usual in Nigeria. Thankfully our government has started bringing the public’s consciousness to the new threat to humanity- COVID- 19.
At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments. WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings become available.
What is Coronavirus and Symptoms
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease was first identified in 2019 in Wuhan, the capital of Hubei province in central China, and has since spread globally, resulting in the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic. The symptoms of coronavirus are respiratory illness like the flu, cough, fever, and in more severe cases, difficulty breathing.
Coronavirus disease spreads primarily through contact with an infected person when they cough or sneeze. It also spreads when a person touches a surface or object that has the virus on it, then touches their eyes, nose, or mouth. Time from exposure to onset of symptoms is generally between two and fourteen days, with an average of five days. The standard method of diagnosis is by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) from a nasopharyngeal swab. The infection can also be diagnosed from a combination of symptoms, risk factors and a chest CT scan showing features of pneumonia.
How to Prevent the Spread of the Coronavirus Pandemic
One of the measures by the government to prevent the further spread of the coronavirus is the enforcement of travel ban from thirteen (13) countries including the U.S., the U.K, China, Italy, and France. The ban is supposed to last for only 4 weeks. The Nigerian government has also advised citizens to avoid travelling to those 13 countries; the U.S., the U.K., China, Italy, Iran, South Korea, Spain, Japan, France, Germany, Norway, Switzerland, and the Netherlands. Here’s how to prevent the spread of the Coronavirus;
- Wash hands regularly with soap and water or use an alcohol-based sanitizers if no water and soap is available.
- Social distancing is crucial to reducing the spread of COVID-19 through hugging, handshakes.
- Maintaining at least 2 metres (5 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
- Staying home if you feel unwell with symptoms like fever, cough and difficulty in breathing.
- Avoiding or postponing events with large gatherings of people including schools, workplaces, places of worship, markets, social and sporting events.
- Covering your nose with tissue when sneezing or coughing. Immediately dispose of tissue in a covered bin and wash your hands with soap and water.
- Coughing or sneezing into the sleeve of your bent elbow if no tissue is available.
- Avoid all non-essential travel to all countries.
If you notice any of the mentioned symptoms, call NCDC’s 24/7 toll-free number 0800 970 000 0010.
Remember, to stay safe from the Coronavirus pandemic. Most importantly, stay informed. There’s a lot of information flying around, and knowing what is going on will go a long way toward protecting you and your family.
You can also find the latest coronavirus update at your fingertips on OList.